Must Visit

Eravikulam National Park

One of the main desirability near Munnar is the Eravikulam National Park. Eravikulam National Park is situated along the Western Ghats in the Idukki district of Kerala in India.It is administrated by the Kerala department of forests and wildlife, Munnar Wildlife Division, together with the nearby Mathikettan Shola National Park, Anamudi Shola National Park, Pambadum Shola National park, Chinnar wildlife Sanctuary and the Kurinjimala Sanctuary. The vegetation in the park is a combination of grassland and shola forest.

This park is famous for its endangered inhabitant - the Nilgiri Tahr. Spread over an area of 97 sq. km, is a green paradise which is home to rare flora, fauna and wildlife. However, the biggest attraction of the park is Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius), an endangered species of mountain goat. Around one-third of the world’s population of this species lives in this park.this park is also home to several species of rare butterflies, animals and birds. A great place for trekking, the park offers a magnificent view of the tea plantations and also the rolling hills caressed by blankets of mists. Neelakurinji, the plant which endemic to this part of the Western Ghats which blooms once in twelve years, grows in abundance here making the park a must-visit place during the kurinji flowering season.The park becomes a hot destination when the hill slopes here get covered in a carpet of blue, resulting from the flowering of Neelakurinji. It is a plant endemic to this part of the Western Ghats which blooms once in twelve years. . Anamudi, the highest peak in South India, is situated in the park. The Eravikulam National Park is around 13 km away from Munnar town. Every year sometime during January-February, which is the calving season, the park remains closed to the public.

The Eravikulam National Park is endowed with rich flora and fauna which one would experience during a venture into the park. . The area falls under the Western Ghats, the mountain range along the western side of India which has been declared as one of the biodiversity hotspots in the world. The park is criss-crossed by perennial streams which originate in the sholas. A deep valley called Turner’s valley splits the park almost in half from northwest to south east. The park is bordered by the Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary on the north and tea plantations of Munnar on the south. The climate of the park is tropical montane. Though, latitude-wise, the park falls in the tropics, it exhibits extra tropical climate owing to the altitudinal influence. This change in the bio-climate and geological stability is said to be important for the endemic species in the habitat. The park receives heavy rainfall and the average annual rainfall is 3000mm.  Heavy rains occur during the South-West monsoon and January-March are relatively dry months. In winter, the temperature may even go below the freezing level.

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